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Full text of "The manufacture and properties of iron and steel"

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RUSSIA.                                     575
beds averaging about 50 per cent, of iron, giving 59 per cent, in the roasted ore. The silica is 10 per cent. The home supply of raw material is so poor that coke is brought 350 miles from the Donetz basin, and ore from the Krivoi Eog and Kertsch, the distance for the latter being about 600 miles. The recent depression in the Eussian trade seriously affected this district, the large furnaces at Lipetzk and other smaller plants being closed down at the end of 1901. The Vyksa and Shipov works, however, increased their output during the year.
SEC. XXVIf.—The North:
The district of Worth Eussia includes the province of Petersburg, Olonetz and Courland. There are some deposits of magnetites and lake ores, and works have been operated for a long time, using charcoal as fuel. The present output of ore and pig-iron is small, but by the importation, of fuel and pig-iron, mostly from England, a considerable amount of steel is made.
TABLE XXYI-D. Imports at St. Petersburg in 1899.
Tons.
Pig-iron............................           9.000
Coke ................................       128,000
Coal........   ........................    1,639,000
There are several works of some size in the north, the PoutiloS, Nevski, Alexandrovsky, Kolpino and Obeuhoff being in the neighborhood of St. Petersburg. The Poutiloff is the largest, having two converters and twelve open-hearth furnaces. Another works, the Petrozavodsk, is situated one hundred miles away at Ladogua.